Relatórios

Harnessing the Potential of Special Economic Zones for Private Sector Development and Inclusive Industrialization in Southern Africa 

Harnessing the Potential of Special Economic Zones for Private Sector Development and Inclusive Industrialization in Southern Africa 

4 minutos The term “special economic zones” (SEZs) is a generic term encompassing various forms of specially designated clusters of industrial and high-value-added activities whose operators receive incentives not received by other economic operators. SEZs can also be defined as geographically demarcated areas where economic laws are more liberal than in the rest of the country. As a result, they include a variety of forms and types. The key message of the present study for the Southern African subregion is that countries around the Continue lendo

How Do Special Economic Zones and Industrial Clusters Drive China’s Rapid Development?

How Do Special Economic Zones and Industrial Clusters Drive China’s Rapid Development?

menos de 1 minuto In the past thirty years, China has achieved phenomenal economic growth, an unprecedented development “miracle” in human history. How did China achieve this rapid growth? What have been its key drivers? And, most important, what can be learned from China’s success? Policy makers, business people, and scholars all over the world continue to debate these topics, but one thing is clear: the numerous special economic zones and industrial clusters that emerged after the country’s reforms are without doubt two important Continue lendo

The Dos and Don’ts of Special Economic Zones

The Dos and Don’ts of Special Economic Zones

1 minuto Special economic zones (SEZs) have been used by many developing countries as a policy tool to promote industrialization and economic transformation. The World Development Report 2020 also recognizes the possibility of using SEZs as a means of facilitating global value chain participation. As a “high-risk, high-reward” instrument, the global results of SEZs in developing countries are quite mixed. Results vary significantly with some regions or countries. As an industrial policy tool, an SEZ is supposed to complement market forces by helping to Continue lendo

2021 Investment Climate Statements: China

2021 Investment Climate Statements: China

2 minutos In 2020, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) became the top global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) destination. As the world’s second-largest economy, with a large consumer base and integrated supply chains, China’s economic recovery following COVID-19 reassured investors and contributed to higher FDI and portfolio investments. In 2020, China took significant steps toward implementing commitments made to the United States on a wide range of IP issues and made some modest openings in its financial sector. China also concluded key trade agreements Continue lendo

Special economic zones: An operational review of their impacts

Special economic zones: An operational review of their impacts

5 minutos Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have become an increasingly popular instrument to promote economic development. Over the last two decades, in particular, SEZs have proliferated in emerging and transition economies. States promoting zones have sought to stimulate economic development both within and outside the zone.  Within the zone, states aim to attract investment that will lead to new firms and jobs, and to facilitate skills and technology transfers. Outside the zone, states aim to generate synergies, networks, and knowledge spillovers to foster additional Continue lendo