World Investment Report 2019 – Special Economic Zones

Tempo de leitura: 1 minuto

The World Investment Report supports policymakers by monitoring global and regional foreign direct investment trends and documenting national and international investment policy developments. The policy chapter of this year’s report takes stock of efforts being made towards the reform of international investment agreements and surveys new measures. 

Inclusive sustainable development depends on a global policy environment that is conducive to cross-border investment. Last year, global ows of foreign direct investment fell by 13 per cent, to $1.3 trillion. This represents the lowest level since the global nancial crisis and underlines the lack of growth in international investment this decade. The signi cant acceleration required to meet the investment needs associated with the Sustainable Development Goals is not yet apparent. We need to raise ambition on climate action, address debt vulnerabilities and reduce trade tensions to foster environments that are conducive to scaling up long-term and sustainable investments. 

Among the most important instruments for attracting investment are Special Economic Zones. The number of zones around the world has grown rapidly this decade to more than 5,000, with many more planned. This World Investment Report provides an overview of the global SEZ landscape and offers advice on how to respond to fundamental challenges for zones posed by the sustainable development imperative, the new industrial revolution and changing patterns of international production. 

I commend this year’s World Investment Report for both industrial and investment policymakers, and as an important tool for the international development community. 

António Guterres Secretary – General of the United Nations 

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